·       Based on:

o  Income

o  Education level

o  Occupation

o  Social status in community (contacts and group associations)

Soviet Union

o  Membership was vital

o  Path to career advancement

o  Wealth

o  Determined social status

o  Three social classes

§  Nomenklatura (ruling class)

·       Party officials

·       Personnel in the government

·       Roomy apartments

·       Country houses

·       Access to special schools, stores and medical facilities

§  Proletariat (middle class)

·       Cramp apartment complexes

·       Waited in line for food and other necessities

·       Little opportunity for relief

§  Agricultural workers (lower class)

·       Received least pay

·       Lease possibility for social advancement

·       Least representation in CPSU


Post Soviet Union

o  Create a civilized society

o  Restore the family

o  Nomenklatura becomes nonexistent but some are still around

o  Economy based on capitalism

o  Gap between richest and poorest starts to grow


Jean Baptist Lande

o  Taught his students ballet and showed their performance to Empress Anna

o  She was impressed and then Lande started the Imperial Ballet School in 1738


Imperial Ballet School

  o  It was common for children to start ballet at a young age

o  Most of the time their parents were ballet dancers

Anna Pavlova

§  Her father was thought to be Jewish

§  Rejected at age six from Imperial Ballet School

§  Told to return at age 15

§  Came back at age ten and got into Imperial Ballet School


Vatslav Nijinsky

  §  Joined the Imperial Ballet School at age 11

§  Represented himself as Pole



  o  Ballet was an art form that received special treatment from the government

o  Authorities paid great attention and provided ballet and dancers with governmental grants

o  Ballet was first used for wedding festivities

o  Three kinds of ballet

o  Classical ballet

§  Most formal

§  Unique features and technique

Pointe work and turn out of the legs, high extensions, graceful, and flowing

o  Neoclassical ballet

§  Dance at more extreme tempos

§  Focus on structure

§  Between classical and today’s contemporary ballet

o  Contemporary ballet

§  Influenced by classical ballet and modern dance

§  Greater range of movement

·       Floor work and turn in of the legs

17th Century

o  Peter the Great

§  Personal interest in dancing at his court by bringing in Western Dance

§  He took part in the dances

§  Used prisoners from Swedish wars to teach his courtiers


18th Century

  o  Nobles

§  Lived far from the capital

§  Needed to entertain themselves somehow

o  Set up ballets that were composed of serfs who has been trained at the Imperial Ballet School

o  Private theatres opened for high society